Present perfect – How long have you?

Present perfect используется, что бы описать процесс начавшийся в прошлом и длящийся до настоящего момента. Основной вопрос будет: how long – как долго; на протяжении какого времени. Маркерами времени будут служить: since , for.

Рассмотрим пример

Julia is on holiday in Ireland.
She is there now.
Джулия на отдыхе в Ирландии.
Она находится там сейчас.

She arrived in Ireland on Tuesday.
Today is Friday.
Она прибыла в Ирландию во вторник.
Сегодня Пятница.

How long has she be in Ireland?
Как долго она находится в Ирландии?

She has been in Ireland Since Tuesday.
She has been in Ireland for three days.
Она находится в Ирландии со вторника.
Она находится в Ирландии уже три дня.

Рассмотрим пример

Отличие is и has been

Если мы говорим о длительности процесса, который начался где-то в прошлом и длится до настоящего времени, мы используем present perfect. Если наc интересует только данный момент, мы будем использовать present continuous.

Present perfect - How long

Сравнение present simple и present perfect

Present simplePresent perfect simple
Michael and Anna are married.They have been married for five years.
Are you married?How long have you been married?
Do you know Mary?How long have you know her?
I know Mary.I‘ve known her for a long time.
Jason lives in New York.How long has he lived in New York?
He has lived there all his life.
I have a car.How long have you had a car?
I’ve had a car since June.

Сравнение present continuous и present perfect continuous

Образование Present perfect continuous

Вспомогательный глагол have been + основной глагол V-ing с окончанием.

Present continuousPresent perfect continuous
I am learning French.How long have you been learning French?
I have been learning French for three years.
Fred is watching TV. How long has he been watching TV?
He has been watching TV since 4 o’clock.
It‘s raining.It has been raining all day.

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